Wells Fargo & Company

Case Details

Date Filed: October 12, 2016
Case Number: 3:16-cv-05541
Jurisdiction: Northern District of California
icon-casetype Case Type: Derivative Shareholder Case

Case Summary

On October 12, 2016, Saxena White filed a shareholder derivative action on behalf of Plaintiff The City of Birmingham Retirement and Relief System (“Birmingham”) in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California on behalf of Wells Fargo & Company (“Wells Fargo” or the “Company”) (NYSE:WFC). The Complaint charged the directors and officers of Wells Fargo with violations of Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act, breach of fiduciary duty, and unjust enrichment.  The Complaint alleged that since at least 2011, the board of directors (“Board”) and executive management of Wells Fargo perpetuated a business model of aggressively cross-selling additional products to existing customers. Setting unreasonably high sales quotas and threatening employees with termination if they failed to meet these quotas, Wells Fargo management effectively forced its bankers into opening over two million unauthorized accounts to keep their sales numbers competitive, resulting in serious and systematic violations of federal and state laws. As alleged in the Complaint, the Board knew about the significant weaknesses in the Company’s internal controls that should have flagged the misconduct at the Bank’s branch level, but consciously and knowingly allowed this systemic customer abuse to continue so that the Bank’s cross-selling statistics—a key metric and the primary reason for the meteoric rise of Wells Fargo stock—remained strong.

On November 22, 2016, Birmingham along with Plaintiff Fire and Police Pension Association of Colorado (“Colorado Fire and Police”) filed a joint motion before the Court for an Order consolidating the various related shareholder derivative actions, appointing Colorado Fire and Birmingham as Co-Lead Plaintiffs and appointing their choice of Co-Lead Counsel. On January 12, 2017, Judge Tigar appointed Colorado Fire and Police and Birmingham as Co-Lead Plaintiffs in the Wells Fargo & Company Consolidated Derivative Litigation and appointed Saxena White as Co-Lead Counsel.  In his Order, Judge Tigar specifically held that the Lead Plaintiffs had fully demonstrated that they would adequately protect the interests of Wells Fargo and its shareholders, stating that Lead Plaintiffs and their counsel “have demonstrated a superior ability to move this litigation forward effectively and efficiently, and to otherwise best serve the interests of the plaintiffs.”  The Court also noted counsel’s “key role” in this landmark derivative case, “which has made the outset of this litigation more efficient for both the parties and this Court.”

Plaintiffs filed the Consolidated Complaint on February 24, 2017.  Defendant’s filed their Motion to Dismiss the Consolidated Complaint on March 17, 2017. A hearing on Defendant’s motion was held on May 4, 2017.  On May 4, 2017, the same day as the hearing, the Honorable Jon S. Tigar denied in large part Defendants’ motion to dismiss. In its Order, the Court concluded that demand was “futile because the allegations in the Complaint create a reasonable doubt as to whether a majority of the Director Defendants face a substantial likelihood of liability as to Plaintiffs’” breach of fiduciary duty, securities, and derivative claims. In so holding, the Court determined that a majority of Wells Fargo’s Directors knew about the widespread “illegal activity and consciously disregarded their fiduciary duties to oversee and monitor the company.” The Court emphasized that Wells Fargo’s Directors consciously disregarded their fiduciary obligations because “Wells Fargo’s success was dependent upon cross-selling, which was in turn dependent upon the same strict sales quotas that drove employees to create fake accounts.”

On June 5, 2017, Defendants filed additional motions to dismiss the Complaint on non-demand futility grounds.  Plaintiffs filed their opposition brief on July 5, 2017 and Defendants’ replies were submitted on July 26, 2017.  On October 4, 2017, Judge Tigar delivered yet another resounding victory to Plaintiffs in denying the Defendants’ motions to dismiss as to the majority of the claims brought.  Judge Tigar found in his October 4, 2017 Order that Plaintiffs’ “extensive and detailed allegations” specifically showed that the executives and directors made false statements about the scheme in the Bank’s filings to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.  Specifically, the Court found that “Defendants knew of, but failed to disclose, a fraudulent business practice that put the company at material risk – namely, the fraudulent account-creation scheme.”

Saxena White zealously advocated for the interests of the Company and obtained excellent results. In sum, after a thorough investigation of the relevant claims; the filing of a detailed Complaint; success in defeating two motions to dismiss; active intervention in, stays of, and dismissals of multiple state court actions; consolidation and coordination with related federal actions; extensive review of over 3.5 million pages of documents from Defendants, Wells Fargo, and numerous third parties; consultation with experts; and research and preparation for depositions, a $240,000,000 settlement was reached in this Derivative Action. On February 28, 2019, Lead Plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary approval of the Settlement as well as various supporting documents, including the Settlement agreement between the parties.  The benefits to Wells Fargo of the Settlement include (i) monetary consideration of $240,000,000 paid to Wells Fargo from its insurers—representing the largest insurance-funded monetary component of any shareholder derivative settlement by over $100,000,000; (ii) agreement and acknowledgement that facts alleged in the Derivative Action were a significant factor in causing certain corporate governance changes undertaken by Wells Fargo during the pendency of the Derivative Action, which include improvement to Wells Fargo’s internal controls, internal reporting, and expanded and enhanced oversight of risk management by the Board of Directors (the “Corporate Governance Reforms”); and (iii) agreement and acknowledgement that facts alleged in the Derivative Action were a significant factor in causing certain remedial steps with respect to compensation reductions and forfeitures undertaken by Wells Fargo during the pendency of the Derivative Action (the “Clawbacks”).  As part of the Settlement, the parties agreed that the Corporate Governance Reforms and the Clawbacks have a value to Wells Fargo of $80,000,000, for a total Settlement value to Wells Fargo of $240,000,000.

The proposed Settlement was preliminarily approved on May 14, 2019. On April 7, 2020, the Northern District of California approved the $240,000,000 settlement. In approving the historic Settlement, the Court remarked that “this represents an excellent result for the shareholders” of Wells Fargo. The Court went on to praise “the risk” that Saxena White “took in litigation on a contingency basis – a risk they have borne for more than three years.”